Fundamentals of Trading Options

Options are typically associated with the stock market. However, more recently, these derivatives are widely traded on the foreign exchange market. A forex option, or FX option, is a currency contract that gives the FX option buyer the right, though not the obligation, to buy or sell a particular forex spot contract (the underlying asset), at a defined price (the strike price), on or before the expiration date. The amount paid by the FX option buyer to the seller for the contract rights is referred to as the forex option “premium.”

Consider the example to understand options trading better: You purchase a batch of EUR/USD at 1.5000 for one month. Here, the contract is called a EUR call and a USD put. Note that in the forex options market, you make a call and put simultaneously. If the price of the pair goes below 1.5000, you lose. However, your loss is limited to the amount of premium. If the EUR/USD increases beyond the level, you gain the predetermined amount on selling the option.

How are Premiums on Options Determined?

The premium amount on FX options is affected by several factors, because of which the risk/reward ratio of these options trading varies. Some key factors influencing the price are:

Intrinsic Value

This is the “current” price of the forex option, if it was exercised. The current price may be:

  • Higher than the strike price or “in the money”
  • Lower than the strike price or “out of money”
  • At the same level as the strike price or “at the money”

Time Value

This is reflective of the market uncertainties over time. Generally, a longer option accompanies a higher price.

Interest Rate Differential

An alteration in the interest rates impacts the relationship between the intrinsic value and the strike price. This differential is typically incorporated in the premium, as a component of time value.


A highly volatile market increases the probability of hitting the strike price faster. Typically, volatile currencies accompany higher premiums.

White Swan Global Markets lets you trade in options contracts on over 30 currency pairs, from popular pairs like the US dollar, Great Britain pound and the euro to exotic currencies like the Mexican peso and the South African rand. With White Swan Global Markets, you also benefit from the following:

Finally, White Swan Global Markets provides you with an options strategy guide to optimize your trades and minimize your risks.


Premium Account

  • All the benefits of the WSG account
  • Your personal Account Manager
  • Dealer chat embedded in the trading platforms
  • And much more

Ask Us